Ghana has a 2-6-3-3 formal education structure. There are two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of four and is referred to as kindergarten. Primary school has an official entry age of six and a duration of six grades. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as junior high school, consists of grades 7-9 and culminates in the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE); upper secondary, which is known as senior high school, consists of grades 10-12 and culminates in the Senior Secondary Certificate or the West African Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (WASCE). In addition, Ghana has an early childhood development (ECD) program that has a theoretical start age of six months and lasts up to three years. There are also multiple upper secondary vocational education tracks that last up to four years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2014 school year).